Pure emotions – Bugatti T13 Brescia

At a competition
In 1910, Ettore Bugatti built five T13s with two camshafts, four valves per cylinder and dual carburetors. 30 hp was more than enough for a small and light vehicle. One of them finished second in the French GP (1911). In the Le Mans 24h race, he met much bigger rivals. In the former Austro-Hungarian Empire, interest in Bugatti sports cars was strong, as long as they were not purchased exclusively for racing. About 26-30 T13s (not counting the copies), 9 T15s, a T17, 10 T2 cars and 32 Bugatti T32s are said to have been sold. About 12 T13, one or two T15, one T17, 9 T22 and 24 T23 cars were also used in Czechoslovakia. The Brescia shown comes from 1921. It has a four-cylinder engine with a capacity of 1453 cc, the highest power of 50 hp and accelerates to 125 km / h.

Type: T13 “Brescia”
Production year: 1914–1926
Number of cylinders: 4
Cylinder volume: 1453 ccm
Force: 50 km
Max speed: 150 km / h
Number of pieces produced: 340

Brescia and other sports competitions
The prestigious Coupé International des Voitures in 1914 was suspended due to the impending war. Prepared T13 was left inactive. They waited until 1920, when the race was restored in the form of the prestigious Voiturette Grand Prix. It was staged on a new track north of Le Mans. The Bugatti factory has registered three T13s. Pierre de Vizcaya gave up after twenty laps due to an engine stop, his colleague Ernst Friderich won. The organizers then disqualified him for unauthorized assistance because Ettore removed the radiator cap from the car while he was parked (according to the regulations, only a designated team of mechanics can work on the car). Baccoli finished fifth. In 1921, the rules were changed, allowing the Bugatti to drill through the 16-valve engines to a capacity of 1453 cc. Each cylinder had two spark plugs.

The Voiturette Grand Prix 1921 was held in Brescia. The significantly rebuilt T13 took the first four places (in order after Friderich, De Vizcaya, Baccoli and Marco) – and was thus its nickname. More success came in Brooklands, Spain, TT Man and many other places.

If someone thinks that sponsorship is a modern invention, they are not right. Raymond Mays bought two Brescia T13s, which gave them the names Cordon Bleu and Cordon Rouge. They participated in the competition with the support of … champagne. Bugatti’s four-cylinder engines have passed the development phase. The T13 was developed into the T15 thanks to a 2,400 mm wheelbase, another radiator and rear suspension. T17 overlaps T15 with the exception of 2550 mm wheelbase, T22 is an extension of T15 with a larger body, oval radiator and other rear springs. T23 was a two-valve T15 with an oval radiator. The aforementioned Bugatti T13 Brescia and T23 Brescia Tourer belong to the post-war period, both of which were designed for travel, but took advantage of four-valve engines. Bugatti has built over 2000 cars with this type of engine.

Source: Silesia Supercars – Bugatti exhibition 10-31 October 2019.

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